Periodontal disease (gum disease) is an infection around the teeth, gums and the bone surrounding the teeth. Most people who have it are not aware of it, especially in the early stages. The main cause is plaque bacteria that builds up every day on your teeth. When the plaque becomes hard it sticks to the teeth and is called calculus (tartar). Once it becomes calculus you need professional help to clean it off. If left in place the calculus can progress to below the gum-line.
The warning signs are:
- Persistent bad breath
- Bleeding gums
- Swollen, tender gums
- Gum shrinkage
- Loose teeth
- Increased spaces between teeth
You can even have periodontal disease and not have any of these warning signs! That’s why we regularly carry out a periodontal screening to identify any problem areas early.
If periodontal therapy is required we will advise on an oral hygiene regime to be carried out at home, as well as recommend sessions to remove calculus build up below the gum line. We may anaesthetise the area to make this more comfortable for you.