Factors that cause tooth decay- your definitive guide

October 1st, 2014

Today Time Dental‘s series on tooth decay continues with the cause of tooth decay. Last week we looked out the signs and symptoms of tooth decay and what it can lead to.

For decay to occur there needs to be three main factors: decay-causing bacteria, fermentable carbohydrates, and time.

There are other factors that can contribute to decay which we will shall discuss but it makes sense that the key to preventing tooth decay is to deal with the three main factors that cause it.

The bacteria that causes tooth decay


The decay-causing bacteria are specific types that produce acid from carbohydrates that we eat such as glucose, sucrose and fructose. We have already discussed how the mouth is in a constant tug-of-war all day long between remineralization and demineralization, so the decay will occur when the balance is tipped by the acid producing bacteria resulting in more demineralization. The area that the decay occurs on the tooth is where the plaque bacteria is left behind. The most common areas being in between the teeth and in the pits and fissures of your back teeth as these are the most plaque-retentive sites.

Carbohydrates such as glucose, fructose and sucrose in foods that we eat are converted into acids such as lactic acid by a process called fermentation. If this acid is left in contact with the tooth it can dissolve the mineral content of the tooth resulting in the “white spot lesions” indicating the early stages of decay.

The frequency of exposure of the teeth to the acid produced by the bacteria affects whether tooth decay is likely to start. So after eating meals or snacks the bacteria in the mouth will use the sugar to produce the acid which decreases the pH level in the mouth making the teeth at risk of tooth decay. The buffering effect of the saliva helps to neutralize the acid but only over a period of 30 -60 minutes. You can understand  that the resulting tooth decay is dependent on the frequency of acid attack produced by the bacteria.

Other factors such as reduced saliva rate which affects the buffering action to counter the acid attack can affect the likelihood of decay. Certain medical conditions and also medication can affect the saliva rate.

Next time we’ll be looking at the preventative measures to stop tooth decay happening.



Come support the new Church in Bordon ,GU35

September 24th, 2014


This weekend is the launch of the new Bordon Church plant. Come and be part of the community!

This is an exciting joint venture with Jubilee Church Farnham and Harvest Church Alton partnering up to start a new church to serve the needs of Whitehall, Bordon, Lindford, Kingsley, Headly and the surrounding area.

The service starts at 9am and will be at Forest Community Centre, Pinehill Road, Bordon, GU35 0BS.

You can expect to receive a warm friendly welcome from the new team. The church is for everyone from any stage in life. So whether you are young, single, married, have a family, to the more “life experienced”, come and be part of this adventure.

The Sunday meetings include contemporary music, bible teaching, prayer and fantastic activities for the kids.

All are welcome! For more information have a look HERE.

Tooth decay- all you need to know from your dentist in Surrey

September 18th, 2014

Welcome back to the Time Dental Blog. We’re continuing our current series on tooth decay and how to prevent it from happening. Last week we discussed what tooth decay is and how your mouth is in a constant tug 0f war between remineralization and demineralization.

Today we are going to look at the signs and symptoms of tooth decay.  A person who has tooth decay may not even be aware that they have the disease occurring in their mouth. The first signs of new tooth decay is a chalky white spot on the surface of the tooth. This indicates the demineralization of the enamel which is the outer layer of your tooth. This is often called a “microcavity” or white spot lesion. When the decay is at this stage the process of demineralization can be reversed and the enamel can remineralize. If the demineralization continues the lesion can start to look brown in colour but will eventually turn into a cavity.


What tooth decay can look like

As the enamel and dentine is destroyed the cavity becomes more noticeable. Often the tooth can look visibly intact but has a grey/brown shadowing underneath the enamel layer, as shown in the picture above. Both these two molar teeth have decay. Can you spot it? As the decay continues the enamel layer will collapse leaving behind a huge cavity. This happens because the tooth has been weakened by extensive internal decay which can sometimes suddenly fracture under normal chewing forces. You may get symptoms to hot and cold temperature changes but not always.

When the bacteria from the decay reaches the pulp which is the nerve in the middle of the tooth a toothache can result and the pain will become more constant. Eventually the pulp tissue will die and infection will result. The tooth may then be no longer sensitive to hot and cold temperature and maybe very tender to pressure.

Tooth decay can also cause bad breath and a foul taste in the mouth.

As you can see there are various signs and symptoms to tooth decay and you may not have any symptoms or pain from a particular tooth but the signs will be there which can be picked up early by your dentist. With regular dental health checks your dental team will be able to give you the best preventative advice to deal with the problem early.

Tooth decay- All you need to know to stop it happening

September 11th, 2014

Tooth decay and why it happens- Blog news fromTime Dental in Farnham, Surrey










At Time Dental we are super keen on giving preventative advice to stop dental disease. This new series of blogs will tackle tooth decay: what it is; what causes it; how it can affect you; what is done when you get tooth decay; and how to prevent it occurring. Take it as your definitive guide. We hope you find it useful and benefit from the information. If you do please share it and forward it on to friends.

Our mouths are full of bacteria. This may come as a shock. There are hundreds of different types of bacteria on our teeth, gums, tongue and the surrounding soft tissues within the mouth. Some are good bacteria and helpful to us and some are harmful like the bacteria involved in the tooth decay process.

Tooth decay is also called dental caries or a cavity. It is a result of infection which is bacterial in origin. It can happen on any part of the tooth surface that is exposed. A person with tooth decay may not be aware of the disease.  The harmful bacteria in the mouth use a process of fermentation of sugars in food debris to make acids. It is these acids that when the teeth are exposed to overtime result in cavities forming.

Throughout the day there is a continuous to-ing and fro-ing of demineralization and re-mineralization. On the harmful side there is dental plaque. This is a colourless, sticky film and with the addition of sugars and starch from the food and drink we eat produce the acids. These acids attack the outer surface of our teeth by a process called demineralization. On the helpful side are the minerals in our saliva (such as calcium and phosphate) plus fluoride from toothpaste, mouth washes, water and other sources. These help the enamel to repair itself by replacing the minerals lost during an acid attack.

Our teeth go through the natural process of losing and gaining minerals all day. It is when the balance is tipped and there is a continuous acid attack over time which results in more demineralization that results in the cavities forming.

Keep an eye out for our next post on this series!

The secrets to eliminate bad breath- Time Dental report

September 4th, 2014

Secrets to eliminate bad breath- a blog from Time Dental, Farnham

What is bad breath?

Bad breath or halitosis is an unpleasant smell that comes from the mouth and is noticed when someone is speaking or exhaling.

Why do we get bad breath?

Bad breath or halitosis is generally due to bacteria that breaks down proteins and other food debris releasing an unpleasant odour. Often the person with halitosis is not aware that they have it.

What causes bad breath?

There are many factors that can result in bad breath:

Morning bad breath (due to the mouth being dry overnight causes bacteria to stagnate); dry mouth (xerostomia- due to certain medicines and medical conditions); food (eg garlic, onions, spicey food), drinks (alcoholic) and medicines; smoking; crash dieting or fasting; and other medical causes which is uncommon.

Most people who get bad breath will be due to bacteria and debris within the mouth. This can come from food debris stuck between teeth and under the gumline; plaque bacteria, tartar and gum disease; a coating on the back of the tongue; and tonsilitis.

How do you prevent bad breath?

The first step is to have excellent dental health regime.

  • Brush your teeth and gums twice a day- this will help remove bacteria and food debris.
  • Clean in between your teeth at least once a day with floss or interdental brushes- this will remove the debris and plaque build up in between your teeth.
  • Brush your tongue gently or use a tongue scrapper- this will eliminate the bacteria and the coating on the surface of the tongue.
  • Visit your dentist and hygienist regularly so that they can help you identify problem areas early so they can give you prevention advice.
  • Quit smoking
  • Make sure you drink plenty of water throughout the day- dehydration can result in bad breath.
  • Limit the amount of food intake that contain raw garlic and onions
  • Try eating an apple or chewing gum after eating a meal for 10-15 mins- helps the mouth produce more saliva that washes away food debris.
  • Take a glass of water to bed- if you get thirsty at night take a sip of water to reduce dry mouth.
  • Use an alcohol free mouth wash at a different time to brushing

Call us at Time Dental to see how we can help you

The fastest way to getting straight teeth- case study

August 28th, 2014

before adult braces at Time Dental in Farnham, Surrey

After clear adult braces at Time Dental in Farnham, Surrey









This case result was fantastic. In the space of only six months we achieved this amazing result.

Before she came to see us, Charlotte was not happy with the way her lateral incisor teeth stuck out. She was not sure what could be done to achieve her goals, but she knew she wanted to smile confidently.

She came to see us for a consultation and we discussed her options. She decided the clear fixed braces were best for her and the results?………Well you can see for yourself!  In only six months!

Call us now to see how we can help you.

Dried fruit for snacks- are they really healthy or not?

August 6th, 2014

Dried fruit in excess can cause rapid tooth decayWe’ve seen a number of children at Time Dental recently who have active dental decay as young as 4 years old and this is a major concern. When asking the well-meaning parents about what their child has to eat the response is often that they have a healthy diet and they only snack on dried fruits like raisens, dried apricots and mangos. This type of diet will result in rapid tooth decay.

Now dont get me wrong, eating fruit is an excellent source of vitimins, minerals and all the good stuff but when children and adults snack throughout the day on things like dried fruit because they feels its healthy- that is the problem.

It’s the frequency of intake throughout the day that will result in rapid holes in the teeth. Especially for children as their primary teeth are much small than adult teeth.

Should I stop giving my kids fruit then? As a parent I completely understand the difficulty in trying to get children to eat a balanced healthy diet. What I advise is to give them a small bowl of dried fruit to eat all in one go or even better give a piece of fresh fruit as a snack or to try something savoury instead. Again it’s all about moderation. If you constantly give your kids dried fruit throughout the day they will get tooth decay. FACT.

The thing to remember is the removal of water in dried fruit it is not as filling as fresh fruit, also the dried fruit is not properly digested as it needs to use water from your body when the fruit reaches the stomach which may in turn dehydrate you.

There are also several things added to dried fruit, either during the drying process or after. They are sugar, dextrose, glucose syrup, fruit juice, colouring derived from fruit, glycerin, sorbic acid , sulphur dioxide, paraffin, edible fats, and oils. Oil is sometimes marked on the ingredients.

Everything you need to know about keeping your teeth and gums healthy- but were afraid to ask!

July 31st, 2014

Most people who come to see us want to keep their teeth and mouth healthy. They understand the importance of having a confident smile and want to ensure they keep their teeth for life and prevent problems from happening in the future.

What the majority of the general public do not know is that if your gums are unhealthy you can suffer from:

  • bad breath
  • losing your teeth
  • increased risk of heart disease and stroke
  • diabetes
  • premature birth and low weight babies

Here at Time Dental we want you to keep your mouth healthy which in turn keeps you healthy. That’s why we’ve created an exclusive report all about how and why you need to keep your mouth healthy plus a special voucher worth £100. To get your FREE guide, fill in your details HERE.

All You Need To Know About Cosmetic Dentistry

July 24th, 2014

Before adult orthodontic braces

18 weeks after adult orthodontic braces near Godalming


Cosmetic dentistry is such a broad topic. It generally refers to aesthetic enhancement of your smile to achieve more confidence.

A huge number of the population are affected by a poor smile. Discoloured, uneven, crooked, missing teeth can have a massive impact on your confidence. Subconciously you may find that you don’t show your teeth when you smile, you avoid having your photos taken, you have photos taken from one side only, or you cover your mouth with your hand when you laugh.

Its funny how some people say to me that their teeth doesnt affect their confidence and yet they won’t show their teeth when they smile. Someone who has a nice smile is percieved to be have confidence. Fact.

Creating that confidence could be improving the shade of your teeth to be brighter; correct the colour of a single tooth to match the teeth on either side; correct the position of your upper and lower teeth so that they are straighter; improve the shape of single or multiple teeth; enhance the edges of the upper or lower front teeth; or replace missing teeth.

To find out more download our FREE cosmetic dentistry guide HERE.

Invisible Adult Orthodontic Braces- What’s It All About?

July 17th, 2014

Time Dental before adult orthodontic braces

Time Dental after adult orthodontic braces









In the last 3 years we have seen a surge of patients looking to feel more confident by improving their smile while maintaining their own teeth.

What they mean is they want a natural improvement of their smile and don’t want ceramic veneers or crowns. Many members of the public suffer from twisted, crooked, uneven teeth which results in them hiding their teeth when smiling, not smiling or covering their mouth.

One of the many options to improve the smile is to use adult orthodontic braces. When you think of orthodontic braces most people have the image of having to wear metal traintracks for 2 -3 years. That is not the case anymore. Advances in orthodontic technology allow correction of the front teeth in just a few months with very discreet dental braces. Think about it…. More confidence with your straight teeth teeth in just a few months.

There are many systems available, so the best thing to do is to discuss your options with your dentist. Time Dental have made “The Ultimate Guide to Straighter Teeth”. Download your copy FREE copy HERE to get more information about it.


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